What is Transit-Oriented Development?
Transit-oriented development (TOD) is defined as “walkable, compact, mixed-use, higher-density development within walking distance of a transit facility.” TOD generally provides a mix of residential and commercial uses and is designed to make public transit successful, enhance the convenience and safety of walking and bicycling, and provide for a vibrant, livable community. By 2025, 14.6 million households will demand homes within walking distance to public transit and rail systems. TOD can help meet some of that demand.
A community with transit-oriented development has five key characteristics:
- It contains a walkable, high-quality pedestrian environment that integrates streetscaping.
- The highest housing densities are located closest to the transit center in order to decrease sprawl and promote compactness.
- The transit center is also at the center of a destination that has a diverse, mixed-use development.
- Parking is carefully located, designed, and managed.
- Most importantly, the community has quality public transit facilities and service.
How is TOD compatible with Planning for Complete Communities?
Transit-oriented development is compatible with planning for Complete Communities because it promotes dense, compact urban destinations. The concept also focuses on incorporating public transit and walkability into a community.