Transit-Oriented Development

What is Transit-Oriented Development?

Transit-Oriented Development Title Slide

Transit-oriented development (TOD) is defined as “walkable, compact, mixed-use, higher-density development within walking distance of a transit facility.” TOD generally provides a mix of residential and commercial uses and is designed to make public transit successful, enhance the convenience and safety of walking and bicycling, and provide for a vibrant, livable community. By 2025, 14.6 million households will demand homes within walking distance to public transit and rail systems. TOD can help meet some of that demand.

Diagram of Transit-Oriented Development model


A community with transit-oriented development has five key characteristics:

  • It contains a walkable, high-quality pedestrian environment that integrates streetscaping.
  • The highest housing densities are located closest to the transit center in order to decrease sprawl and promote compactness.
  • The transit center is also at the center of a destination that has a diverse, mixed-use development.
  • Parking is carefully located, designed, and managed.
  • Most importantly, the community has quality public transit facilities and service.

How is TOD compatible with Planning for Complete Communities?

Ven diagram graphic showing the connection of people, residences, businesses, and transit through Transit-oriented developmentTransit-oriented development is compatible with planning for Complete Communities because it promotes dense, compact urban destinations. The concept also focuses on incorporating public transit and walkability into a community.



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