How is TOD being applied in Delaware?

Local governments in Delaware are beginning concerted efforts to advance TOD. More communities are recognizing the value of promoting economic growth through walkable, transit-oriented environments.  Several existing transit stations/transit hubs, or transit-friendly locations are being eyed to plan for TOD.

Transit-Oriented Development (TOD): Identification of Optimal Site Characteristics in Delaware, a 2010 publication by IPA, establishes a preliminary framework to identify and evaluate ideal site characteristics for potential TOD sites in Delaware. The report provides a quantitative TOD-scoring framework for site evaluation that includes factors such as adequate zoning, congruence with local/regional land use plan, public support, public-private partnerships, and fully integrated transportation system. The scoring framework was applied to:

  1. Dover DART Bus Hub Station
  2. Newark Commuter-Rail Station
  3. Wilmington Commuter-Rail Station
  4. Claymont Commuter Rail-Station
  5. Churchman’s Crossing Commuter-Rail Station
  6. Potential Edgemoor Commuter-Rail Station

Since publication of the report, WILMAPCO submitted and received both a TIGER II and TIGER IV grant to develop and implement a Newark Regional Transportation Center Plan.

Funding will be used to create a regional transportation center at the site of the proposed University of Delaware’s (UD) Science and Technology STAR campus, a transit-oriented development (TOD) on the 272-acre former Chrysler Assembly Plant site. The multi-phased, multi-year project will provide improvements to the property that will accommodate expansion of the passenger rail transportation, integrate other transportation modalities, and address the conflict between freight and passenger rail at the site.

Conceived, sponsored, and implemented by the Dover/Kent County MPO and Downtown Dover Partnership in cooperation with the City of Dover, a Dover Transit Center Neighborhood Plan and Design Book was adopted in 2011. The plan and design guidelines provides the City of Dover with a design and planning strategy to guide the development around the new transit center site. The plan also offers strategies to improve all modes of transportation throughout downtown to make Dover a more transit-friendly community. The plan targets an area to spur downtown reinvestment, stimulate mixed-use development opportunities, and create a civic plaza on Water Street.

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